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初中英语复习专辑(14)短文改错题方法指导

发布时间:2012-11-25 05:04     浏览次数:

[标签:初中英语 初中英语语法 ]

   做短文改错题应注重如下几个步骤:   1、起首通读短文,初步理解短文主旨,同时更正一些较容易的毛病。短文中的一些句子就其自身来看,没法肯定划线部份错在何处,只有通读全文,认识句子与句子之间的瓜葛,特别是划线部份与上下文的瓜葛,才能找出正确答案。如:“When his mother was out, the telephone rang and Jimmy answered them.”一句...

 

  做短文改错题应注重如下几个步骤:

  1、起首通读短文,初步理解短文主旨,同时更正一些较容易的毛病。短文中的一些句子就其自身来看,没法肯定划线部份错在何处,只有通读全文,认识句子与句子之间的瓜葛,特别是划线部份与上下文的瓜葛,才能找出正确答案。如:“When his mother was out, the telephone rang and Jimmy answered them.”一句中,只有读懂句中划线部份指上文中的telephone,才能写出正确答案it。

  2、在通读短文的基础上,一句一句地细心浏览短文。

  (1)从语法分析入手

 一)冠词a; an; the或省冠词(如不可数名词)

 二)区分可数、不可数。如果可数名词则应注重该单数仍是复数(且注重复数的变化情势是不是正确。

 三)形、副区分:①鉴定该形仍是副。②注重形、副的对比品级(且注重变化情势)。

 四)代词:①区分主格、宾格。②区分形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词。③区分this / that、these / those、one / ones、it / them。④不定代词(区分两者与3者;单数仍是复数;确定仍是否定)

 五)动词:① 时态、语态(主谓同等、动词各种变化情势是不是正确)及非谓语情势——不定式和动名词。② 动词短语的固定情势(如listen to与listen)。③ 区分同义词(如hear与listen to)。

 六)数词:鉴定该基数词仍是序数词(以及序数词的变化情势)。

 七)介词:正确区分、应用介词。

 八)连词:正确区分、应用连词。

  (2)从句子结构鉴定所用词是不是适当(重点从句子成分的角度着手,该用何词性)。

  (3)注重固定搭配(如the way to …)。

  3、用更正后的谜底接替响应的划线部份,从头到尾频频浏览短文,验证更正的谜底是不是正确。

  以下短文的划线部份可能有误,正确的划“√”,毛病的请更正。

  ( A )

 Mr. and Mrs. Green had a son. They called him James and loved him very much. But there was anything (一) wrong with the child. He did everything slow (二) and could not take care of him (三). His parents did not know what was (四) wrong. So one day they took him to a doctor. The doctor looked up (五) James carefully and found the boy couldn’t see anything. So (六) the doctor said he can (七) do nothing to help the boy.

 A few years later, Mr. and Mrs. Green listened (八) there was a good doctor in a town not far away. So they took the boy to visit him. The doctor did a small operation with (九) James. After the operation James could see. What (10) happy everyone was.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  ( B )

 An eleven-year-old boy in a small town wanted being (一) a train driver. But the boy was born without arms. His father taught him to use his feet for (二) “hands”. He couldn’t go to school, so (三) he spent all his time watch (四) trains coming and going because he lived near the station. What (五) he wanted to be a train driver!

 One day he saw an empty train and climb (六) in. It was not difficult for him to start it with his feet. Soon the train was traveling in (七) forty miles an hour, and the workers there could do something (八) to stop it. When he drove back to the town and stopped at the station, a worker got on it. At last (九) he was very angry, but he laughed when the boy said, “I liked (10) trains.” “Well , I’m glad you don’t like planes!”

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  ( C )

 While Bill was cleaning (一) the classroom after school last Monday, his classmate, Lily, closed the door or (二) locked it, because she thought there was somebody (三) in the class- room. Bill couldn’t get out and have (四) to stay in the classroom. Three hours ago (五), the teacher came and opened the door. She surprised (六) to see him there. On (七) that time Bill was much (八)cold and hungry.

 Now when Bill stays late in the classroom, he takes (九) a note on the door, “I’m yet (10) in the room. Don’t lock the door.”

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  ( D )

 Which is the better (一) way to learn a foreign language? We all remember that we learn (二)our own language well (三) when we were children. If we can learn a second language in the same way, it will (四) seem so difficult. Think of what a small child does. He listens to what people speak (五) and try (六) to imitate (仿照)what he hears. When he wants something, he asks for it. In this way, he using (七) the language. He thinks and speaks with (八) the new language all the time. After (九) people use a second language like this, they will learn it quickly (10) than before.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  ( E )

 There is a library in our school. It is large and there is (一) many books in it. Anyone may borrow books to (二) it and it cost (三) nothing to borrow them. Usually you may borrow as many of (四) four books at a time. Books maybe (五) kept for two weeks. New story-books are always popular and some books, for example, books for (六) history, science , cooking are also well-liked. So some times (七) when you go to the library to borrow a book, it may be out. What can you do? You can ask the librarian call (八) it back. The librarian will let you know when the book has been returned and will be (九) ready for you. You have to take care of the books. If you lose the book, you will be in trouble, and have to pay it (10).

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  ( F )

 The sea is very big. It covers three quarters of the earth, The sea is also very deep in some place (一). There is one place and at that place the sea are (二) about 十一 kilometres deep. The higher (三) mountain in the world is about 九 kilometres high. When (四) that mountain put (五) into the sea at that place, there would still be two (六) kilometers above it.

 In some parts of the sea, there are many kinds of fishes and plants. Some lives (七) near the top of the sea. Other (八) live deep down. There are either (九) a lot of small living things. Lots of fish live by (10) eating them.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  (G)

 One day when Jack was walked (一)in the park, he saw a woman sat (二) in a chair with a dog beside hers (三). The dog was looking down (四) at the woman.

 Jack walked up to the woman and said (五), “Hello, Sue, what (六) are you? May I sit and say (七)with you for a while?”

 “Of course, please sit (八) down,” Sue said.

 Jack sat down next to Sue in the chair but (九) they talked quiet (10)together.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  (H)

 When Peter was a boy, he likes (一) watches and clocks very much. When he was eighteen years old, he began to teach him (二) to mend watches. A lot of his friends brought him broken watches, and he mended it (三) when he was free.

 One day, a policeman heared (四) about this and brought him a watch and said, “My watch has stopped. Can you mend it to (五)me, please?”

 Peter said, “Yes, sir. I can.” After a few days (六), he brought the watch back to the policeman.

 “How many (七) do I give you?” the policeman asked.

 “Two dollars, sir,” Peter answered. Then he took (八) a small box out of his pocket and gave it for (九)the policeman. “Here are three wheels from your watch. I didn’t find a place for them when I put anything (10) back.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

  (I)

 The animals are use (一) to the desert people in many ways (二). They eat the meat, drink the milk of the animals. They use camels (骆驼) to(三) carrying water, food, tents(帐篷)and other(四)things. The people of the desert have to keep move(五)from place to place. They must always watch (六) for grass or desert plants for their animals. When there is not(七) more food for their animals, they move to another place. The desert people is (八) friendly. They would never refuse to help (九) people in trouble, but(10) they would give them food and water.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

 ( H )

 We know that the last (一) part of the 20th century saw more large (二) inventions: the helicopter in 1990, movies by (三) sound in 1926, the computer in 1928 and the jet plane in 1930. The middle part of the 20th century bring (四) new ways to help people get over disease (五). They made people healthier and live long (六). By this time most people had a very well (七) life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. The world is (八) known to man and (九) the universe was not. Many countries began looking (10) for ways to go into space. Russian made the first step.

  1._________ 2._________ 3._________

  4._________ 5._________ 6._________

  7._________ 8._________ 9._________

  10._________

 

 
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