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小升初英语考试,必须要掌握的英语语法知识点(三)

发布时间:2012-09-19 05:03     浏览次数:

[标签:小升初英语 ]

 语法及实习五 如今进行时 如今进行时 一.如今进行时示意如今正在进行或产生的动作,也可示意当前一段时间内的运动或现阶段正在进行的动作。 二.如今进行时的确定句根本结构为be+动词ing. 三.如今进行时的否定句在be后加not。 四.如今进行时的一样平常疑问句把be动词调到句首。 五.如今进行时的特别疑难的根本结构为:疑难词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing? 但疑问词当主...

 

语法及实习五 如今进行时

如今进行时

一.如今进行时示意如今正在进行或产生的动作,也可示意当前一段时间内的运动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

二.如今进行时的确定句根本结构为be+动词ing.

三.如今进行时的否定句在be后加not。

四.如今进行时的一样平常疑问句把be动词调到句首。

五.如今进行时的特别疑难的根本结构为:疑难词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑难词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

一.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

二.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

三.要是末端是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末端的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

如今进行时专项实习:

1、写出以下动词的如今分词:

play________  run__________  swim _________ make__________ go_________

like________  write________ ski___________  read________  have_________

sing ________ dance_________  put_________ see________ buy _________

love_________ live_______ take_________ come ________  get_________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

2、用所给的动词的正确情势填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It’s 五 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now 10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

3、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(离别改为一样平常疑问句和否定句) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

二.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一样平常疑问句并作确定和否定回答) _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

三.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部份进行发问) _________________________________________________________________

四.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部份进行发问) _________________________________________________________________

语法及实习六 将来时

将来时

1、概念:

示意将要产生的动作或存在的状况及计划、筹划或准备做某事。句中一样平常有如下时候状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

2、根本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do.

3、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. 4、一样平常疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改成any, and改成or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

5、对划线部份发问:一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部份有三种情形。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问何时。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed? 6、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(来日诰日). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

实习:填空。

1. 我计划来日诰日和同伙去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你计划去干吗? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday?

I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些瓜果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们计划何时晤面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 六:30 tomorrow.(改一样平常疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 六:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一样平常疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部份发问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适量情势填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually ________ (watch) TV and ________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm.

 What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

语法及实习七 一般过去时

一般过去时

一.一般过去时示意过去某个时候产生的动作或存在的状况,常和示意过去的时候状语连用。一般过去时也示意过去常常或频频产生的动作感谢。

二.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变成was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变成were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑难的变化和is, am, are同样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一样平常疑问句把was或were调到句首。

三.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

否定句:didn’t +动词本相,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一样平常疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回本相。如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特别疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词本相?如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

一.一样平常在动词末端加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

二.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

三.末端只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末端的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

四.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

五.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

过去时实习:写出以下动词的过去式

is\am_________  fly_______  plant________  are ________  drink_________

play_______ go________  make ________ does_________  dance________

worry________  ask _____ taste_________  eat__________ draw________

put ______ throw________ kick_________  pass_______ do ________

Be动词的过去时实习

1、用be动词的适量情势填空。

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday.

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

2、句型转换。

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________

一样平常疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3、 中译英。

一.我的故事书适才还在腕表阁下。 ___________________________________________________________

二.他们的外衣上个星期放在寝室里了。 ___________________________________________________________

三.一会之前花圃里有两只小鸟。 ___________________________________________________________

举动动词的过去时实习

1、用be动词的适量情势填空。

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

2、句型转换。

1. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一样平常疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3、中译英。

1. 格林师长教师客岁住在中国。 ________________________________________________________

2. 昨天咱们参观了农场。 ________________________________________________________

3. 他适才在找他的手机。 ________________________________________________________

过去时综合实习(一)

1、 用动词的适量情势填空。

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

 3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

2、 中译英。

1. 咱们上周五看了一部片子。 _________________________________________________________

2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。 _________________________________________________________

3. 你们上个儿童节做了甚么?咱们参观了动物园。 _________________________________________________________

4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。 _________________________________________________________

过去时综合实习

1、用动词的适量情势填空。

1. It _____ (be) the 二nd of November yesterday. Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

2、中译英。

1. 他的同伙在照看他的弟弟。 _________________________________________________________

2. 客岁端午节咱们没去看了龙舟竞赛。 _________________________________________________________

3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。 _________________________________________________________

 

语法及实习八 There be 句型与have, has

There be 句型与have, has的区分

一、There be 句型示意:在某地有某物(或人)

二、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词依据最*近be 动词的谁人名词决定。

三、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一样平常疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

四、there be句型与have(has) 的区分:there be 示意在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 示意或人具有某物。

五、some 和any 在there be 句型中的应用:some 用于确定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。 六、and 和or 在there be句型中的应用:and 用于确定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

七、针对数目发问的特别疑问句的根本结构是: How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语? How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

八、针对主语发问的特别疑问句的根本结构是: What’s + 介词短语?

Fill in the blank with “have,has”or “there is , there are”

1. I________a good father and a good mother.

2. ____________a telescope on the desk.

3. He_________a tape-recorder.

4. _____________a basketball in the playground.

5. She__________some dresses.

6. They___________a nice garden.

7. What do you___________?

8. ______________a reading-room in the building?

9. What does Mike___________?

10. ______________any books in the bookcase?

11. My father_________a story-book.

12. _______________a story-book on the table.

13. _______________any flowers in the vase?

14. How many students____________in the classroom?

15. My parents___________some nice pictures.

16. _____________some maps on the wall.

17. ______________a map of the world on the wall.

18. David__________a telescope.

19. David’s friends___________some tents.

20. ______________many children on the hill.

Fill in the blank with “ have, has ”

1. I_________ a nice puppet.

2. He_________a good friend.

3. They__________ some masks.

4. We___________some flowers.

5. She___________ a duck.

6. My father____________ a new bike.

7. Her mother___________a vase.

8. Our teacher_________ an English book.

9. Our teachers___________a basketball.

10. Their parents___________some blankets

11. Nancy_________many skirts.

12. David__________some jackets.

13. My friends__________a football.

14. What do you__________?

15. What does Mike__________?

16. What do your friends___________?

17. What does Helen___________?

18. His brother________a basketball.

19. Her sister_________a nice doll.

20. Miss Li__________an English book.

 

 

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