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初中英语语法梳理和提高19宾语从句讲解 试题

发布时间:2012-10-19 05:19     浏览次数:

[标签:初中英语 初中英语语法 ]

  知识梳理:一语道破,捉住重点和难点!   一.在句中担负宾语的从句叫宾语从句,宾语从句可作谓语动词的宾语,也可做介词的宾语。eg, He said he was good at drawing. (动词宾语)  He asks him how long Mike has been down . (动词宾语)  Miss Zhang is angry at what you said. (...

 

 知识梳理:一语道破,捉住重点和难点!

  一.在句中担负宾语的从句叫宾语从句,宾语从句可作谓语动词的宾语,也可做介词的宾语。eg, He said he was good at drawing. (动词宾语)

 He asks him how long Mike has been down . (动词宾语)

 Miss Zhang is angry at what you said. (介词宾语)

 二. 宾语从句的引诱词有三类:

  (一) 以that 引诱的宾语从句,首要用来引诱句情势的宾语从句, that可以省略。eg, The radio says (that) the clouds will lift later on.

  She told me (that) she would like to go with us.

  (二) 以毗邻代词which, what, who等或毗邻副词how, where, why 等引诱的宾语从句,从句是述说语序

  eg, Could you tell me what's the matter with u?

  I want to know how soon it will begin.

  (三) 以 whether 或 if 引诱的宾语从句, 首要用来引诱一样平常疑问句意思或选择疑问句意思的宾语从句,从句一样是述说语序

 eg, I wonder if /whether u have told the new to Li Lei .

  三.宾语从句的时态

  (一) 当主句为一样平常如今时态、如今进行时态、或一样平常未来时态时,从句可用所必要的任何时态。 eg, I want to know what time he got up this morning.

  You are telling me that you won't stop until tomorrow?

  (二) 当主句为一样平常过去时态时, 从句要用于过去有关的时态。

  eg,They asked what Jean was doing now .

 Linda said that the train had left.

  (三) 当从句表述的是客观真理或天然征象时,宾语从句要利用一般现在时。

  eg, Lisa asked whether light travels faster than sound.

 Polly said no news is a good news

  注重:一般情况下,whether 和if 可以互用, 但有些情形破例。

  1. 当从句做介词的宾因而只用whether 不用if

  eg, We are talking about whether we'll go on the pinic.

  2. 引诱词与动词不定式或 not 连历时, 只用whether.

  eg, Please let me know what to do next.

 Could you tell me whether u go or not?

  3. if当要是讲时, 引诱的是前提状语从句, 这时候不能用whether.

  eg, You can't work the plan out if you don't have the meeting .

  例题剖析:闻一知十,学的更轻松!

  1. The teacher asked the students ________.

  A. if they were interested in dinosaurs B. when was Albert Einstein born

  C. what they will do with the computers D. how many trees they have planted

  剖析:宾语从句中从句应维持述说语序,谜底B起首删去,主句一样平常过去式,从句要用于过去有关的时态,删去谜底C和D,谜底A中的if 意为要是.

  应选A

  2. Could you tell me _______ ?

  A. what the matter is with you B. what was the matter with you

  C. hat's the matter with you D. what's the wrong with you .

  剖析:what 就是从句的主语,what's the matter with you 自身就是述说语序,因而删掉A; 主句可看做是婉转的恳求,并是一样平常过去式,可删去谜底B; wrong 前不用加the, 因而此题选 C.

  3.He asked me _______ I could sing the song "My Heart will Go On."

 A. if B. weather C.what D. that

  剖析:此句应选含有疑难意思的瓜葛代词, 故删去D;weather 意为气候,依据句意应选A.

  4.Our teacher told us that the moon _________ round the earth.

 A. went B. turned C.go D. turns

  剖析:从句是一个客观真理,因而从句的时态不受主句影响。 应选 D

  5. It makes no difference __________.

  A. whether will you come tomorrow.

  B. Whether or not will be pass the exam

  C. If he will come to the meeting or not

  D. Whether he will come to the meeting or not

  剖析:谜底A和B从句不是述说语序先删掉,if 不能与 not 连用。因而此题选D

  6. They don't know _______ their parents are.

 A.that B. what C. why D. which

  剖析:what 示意职业, 因而选B.

  7. I am sure _______ you said is true.

 A. what B. that C. which D. who 

  剖析:依据句意运用what , 做said 的内容, 你所说的话。应选A.

  8. The old man told us _______ and ________.

 A. to do what , to do how B. what to do it, how to do it

 C. what to do, how to do it D. what to do , how to do

  剖析: 疑问词what 即毗邻不定式,又做 do 的宾语; 而在how 引诱的不定式短语中, how 示意体例, do 为及物动词, 因而需接宾语才正确

  应选C

  实习与巩固:熟能生巧,获得好成绩!

  1.---Do you know when the World Cup ________ next week?

 --- Next Friday. When it  ________, I will ring you.

 A. begins, begins B. begins, will begin C. will begin, will begin D. will begin, begins

  2.--- Today or tomorrow?

 --- What are you talking about?

 --- We are talking about _______ to give a talk on WTO.

 A. how B. where C. when D. what

  3. I wonder _________.

 A. where does he live B. where he live

 C. he lives where D. where he lives

  4. --- Are you  sure you have to ? It's been very late.

 --- I don't know _____ I can do it if not now.

 A. where B. why C. when D. how

  5. ---Would you please tell me _________? 

 --- In a small village near Niingbo.

 A. where was your mother born B. where your mother was born

 C. when was your mother born D. when your mother was born

  6. The photograph will show you ________.

 A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like

 C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like

  7. --- Can you guess if they _______ to play basketball with us?

 --- I think they'll come if they _________ free.

 A.will come, will be B. will come, are C. come, are D. come, will be

  8. ---Where does he come from ?

 --- Pardon?

 --- I asked where_________.

 A…. did he come from B. he came from 

 C. he comes from D. does he come from

  9. She wondered __________.

 A. how much he cost the computer B. how much he paid for the computer

 C. how much the computer will cost him D. how much did he spend on the computer

  10. ---Do you know ________?

 --- I'm not sure. Maybe he is a  businessman.

 A.  who he is B. who is he C. what he does D. what does he do

 一-五 DCDCB 六-10 BBBBA

 

 
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