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发布时间:2012-08-16 05:09     浏览次数:

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 今日你叫外卖了吗?    下面一起来看看外卖的由来以及"take out"(“外卖食物”)和"Take home"(“带回家的食物”)的区分。  The evolution of modern American take-out is a fascinating convergence of social history and packaging technology. A survey o...



  下面一起来看看外卖的由来以及"take out"(“外卖食物”)和"Take home"(“带回家的食物”)的区分。


 The evolution of modern American take-out is a fascinating convergence of social history and packaging technology. A survey of articles in the New York Times confirms the 1950s as the "start date" for modern take-out meals in the United States. This also coincides with the explosion of family restaurants and backyard barbeques.



  The term "take-out" describes both a style of eating and a growing list of prepared foods that consumers purchase from a restaurant or food stand and eat in another location. Delivery format, packaging, and types of food vary greatly, ranging from hamburgers to expensive gourmet fare, but all may be categorized as takeout because of this off-premise consumption. In the United States, take-out food is often viewed as synonymous with fast food.

 “外卖”这个词描写的即是一种饮食体例,又指品种日趋增多的现成食物,即消费者可从餐馆或小吃摊采办、在其他地方食用的食物。递送情势、包装和食品的品种都名堂繁多:有汉堡,也有价格昂贵的佳肴大餐。无非这些都可以被归类为“外卖”,由于它们都不是堂食的。在美国,外卖食品常被视同为快餐。 The concept of take-out food and the practice of buying prepared foods for consumption elsewhere date to early civilization. Roadside stands and food stalls in busy urban markets were commonplace in ancient Greece and Rome. Almost every culture in every era has had its version of take-out foods. Urban industrial workers in nineteenth-century America further popularized take-out foods. Food vendors sold various sausages and stews from carts outside factory gates, catering to workers with little time or money.



  In many urban areas, Italian and Chinese restaurants competed with early hamburger outlets for take-out customers. Small storefront pizzerias sold inexpensive pizzas and Americanized Chinese foods on a primarily take-out basis. Using broad, flat white cardboard boxes for pizzas and small waxy paper cartons for chow mein and chop suey, these ethnic restaurants standardized distinctive take-out packaging. Although popular in city neighborhoods, ethnic restaurants long composed only a small share of the take-out industry. Automobiles revolutionized the take-out food industy, requiring larger-volume production and specialized delivery systems.


Take home meals 带回家的食物

  "Take home"differs from "take out" in that it is marketed as a home meal replacement rather than fast food. It is not necessarily cheaper nor is it always quickly prepared. What sells take home? Convenience and taste. Like take out, this dining option was introduced after World War II.



  Restaurant chains throughout the U.S. are building up new departments which sell meals for home consumption. Restaurant sales of food for the home are definitely a new industry trend. It won't be long before the average housewife will be buying take-home foods like groceries.



  The take-home sales should be sold at lower prices than regular restaurant meals because they eliminate waiters, dish washers, table linen, plate breakage and loss of utensils. One of the reasons given for increased demand for prepared meals was television in the home. Some restaurants in New York have regular television menus made up for take-home orders.





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