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高三英语复习:选时态要根据题干定格时间

发布时间:2012-06-17 05:39     浏览次数:

[标签:高中英语考点 ]

动词时态的声音是关键高考考试,但也英语系统在主要的知识。由于中国动词没有时态变化,因此,学习和掌握英语,有必要制定紧张的“感觉”。无论在中文说“过去、现在和未来”,会使用英语,的背景是什么时间动词,我们将不断升值。例如:...

 

  动词时态语态是高考考察的重点,也是全部英语说话系统中的骨干知识。因为汉语里动词没有时态的变化,因而,学习和掌握英语,就要确立时态“感觉”。无论汉语里说不说“过去,如今和未来”,利用英语时,动词的时候配景是什么,咱们要不断体会。例如:

  ――Uh, this is your first time to the city, right?

  ――Yeah. How did you know?

  ――这是你第一次到城里来,对吗?

  ――没错,你怎样晓得的?

  回答中“How did you know?”利用的是一般过去时。如许的表达,用汉语是难以表现的,学习时要分外留神累积。

  动词的时态,在时候上触及过去、过去未来、如今和未来;在形态上有一样平常、进行、完成和完成进行,因而,时态总共有十六个。回答动词时态、语态标题时,要依据题干,捕捉动作的时候配景,这是选准时态的条件和要害。

  1、果断时态找时候,不要被“for”“already”和“yet”等词所疑惑

  例如:― Has your father returned from Africa yet?

  ― Yes, but he___ here for only three days before his company sent him to Australia.

  A. was B. has been

  C. will be D. would be

  不少同砚1看到回答中“…here for only three days”就立刻选了B,用动词的现在完成时。然而后半句“…before his company sent him to Australia.”中的“sent”明显就奉告咱们这是过去的时候配景,整句话“他在这呆了三天以后就被公司派往了澳大利亚”,这申明他如今不在这里。因而,本题是不能选择现在完成时的,应该选择A。之所以涌现如许的毛病,是同砚们1看到“for”就以为它是现在完成时的标志。实在,for示意一个时间段,过去、如今和未来都可用。

  一样的事理,碰到副词already,yet等也要依据句子的语境做具体剖析。不少情形下,already,yet都用在了完成时,由于它们会共同语句时候,表达“(到……时)已经,还……”,例如:

  We haven't met our new neighbors yet, so we don't know their names.

  但也不要以为1有这些词就必定选完成时态,例如:

  You already told me yesterday that he would not give up another trying.(句子中有具体的过去时候“yesterday”,提醒一般过去时)

  认识了这一点,你再做1做下面两个题:

  1.I ____in London for many years,but I’ve never regretted my final decision to move back to China.

  A. lived B. was living

  C. have lived D. had lived

  2.My cousin went to Canada two years ago.He ____ there for a few months and then went to America.

  A.worked B.would work

  C.would be working

  D. has been working

  2、捕捉时候找“两处”:即题干给定的时候和已知动词的时态

  题干若给出了具体的时候,时态选择相对于明明;要是没有,就要属意不设空动词的时态,它也能给出待选时态的时候配景。

  例1:I know a little bit about Italy as my wife and I ____ there several years ago.

  A. are going B. had been

  C. went D. have been

  题干中前半句“know”,一般现在时;后半句涌现“several years ago”,明明的示意过去的时候,以是选择一般过去时“went”,谜底C。本题不少同砚都顺着中文“去过”而误选了“D. have been”,是没有掌握好语句中涌现了具体过去时候这1要害。

  例2:The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She ____ before.

  A. hasn't flown B. didn't fly

  C. hadn't flown D. wasn't flying

  题干中前半句“was”,一般过去时;后半句末了涌现“before”申明是在过去(was)之过去,前半句的“was”给出了选择过去完成时的时候配景,因而选择C。

  例3:I got caught in the rain and my suit____.

  A. has ruined B. had ruined

  C. has been ruined

  D. had been ruined

  题干中前半句“got caught”,一般过去时;由and毗邻后半句没有涌现具体的时候,要是与前半句并列,必要用was ruined,但题项没有给。一般地说,要是没有明白的时候,应该默许为如今,因而,要选择C。意思是“我(适才)遇上雨了,衣服全给毁了”。

  还必要指出的是,由并列连词毗邻的两个简单句,时态不一致,这很正常。

  又如:I was a college student, but now I am a teacher.我之前是大学生,如今是教师。

  例4:?Tom, you didn’t come to the party last night?

  ?I ____, but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do.

  A. had to B. didn’t

  C. was going to D. wouldn’t

  题干上句“last night”和下句后半部份“remembered”都提醒是过去时候配景,应当选择“昨天我是计划去”,因而选择C。

  例5:By the time you get back, great changes ______ in this area.

  A.will take place

  B.will be taken place

  C.are going to take place

  D.will have taken place

  题干“By the time you get back”,是“到你(未来)回来时”,这里由于是时候状语从句,将来时用一样平常时期替,因尔后半句的时候应该使“将已经”,故选择D。

  动词时态语态每一年必考,同时,在书面表达中,同砚们也会碰到果断时态,将语篇动词时态表达精确的题目。因而,要分外关注动词时态语态的实习,并累积好答题法子和典型的错题。

  下面,请你再做五个标题,看看是不是掌握了捕捉时态时候的法子

  1.――It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home.

  ――Oh, don’t mention it. I _____past your house anyway.

  A. was coming B. will come

  C. had come D. have come

  2.―When I called you this morning, nobody answered the phone. Where_____?

  A. did you go B. have you gone

  C. were you D. had you been

  3.The house belongs to my aunt but she______ here any more.

  A. hasn't lived B. didn't live

  C. hadn't lived D. doesn't live

  4.Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane________.

  A. takes off B. is taking off

  C. has taken off D. took of

  5.I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I _____to half a dozen other groups.

  A. was giving B. am giving

  C. had given D. have given

  参考答案

  1:AA;2:ACDBC

 
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