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同义句转换的九种类型

发布时间:2012-10-29 05:26     浏览次数:

[标签:初中英语 初中英语语法 ]

   同义句转换题是近几年中考英语的一个常考题型,其出题情势平日是同时给出两个句子,第一句完全,第二句中设有几处空格,要求考生填入适量的词或词组,使第二句的意思与第一句意思雷同。它综合考察考生的语法、辞汇、短语或风俗用语和句型结构等知识,要求应用所学的辞汇、语法知识和句型结构填写句子,使句子结构完全、逻辑公道、语法知识无误、意思与所给句子雷同。通过对近几年的中考英语试题中同义句转换题的剖析,咱们发...

 

  同义句转换题是近几年中考英语的一个常考题型,其出题情势平日是同时给出两个句子,第一句完全,第二句中设有几处空格,要求考生填入适量的词或词组,使第二句的意思与第一句意思雷同。它综合考察考生的语法、辞汇、短语或风俗用语和句型结构等知识,要求应用所学的辞汇、语法知识和句型结构填写句子,使句子结构完全、逻辑公道、语法知识无误、意思与所给句子雷同。通过对近几年的中考英语试题中同义句转换题的剖析,咱们发现中考英语同义句转换题首要考察如下几个方面: 1、应用近义词(组)进行转换

 用近义词或同义词组对原句中的某些词或词组进行更换,注重转换后的词或词组的词形变化要与句子其他成份相适应。如: 1. That day we could see flowers here and there. That day we could see flowers __________. 剖析:谜底为everywhere。everywhere与here and there都示意“随处”。 2. The teacher always takes good care of the children in the school. The teacher always_______ ______the children well in the school. 剖析:谜底为looks after。take good care of与look after…well都示意“好好照应”。

 2、应用反义词(组)的否定式进行转换

 即用反义词或词组的否定式表达与原句雷同的意思,首要考察门生对反义词(词组)的累积和换位思惟的本领。如: 1. It’s clear that this visit is different from last time. It’s clear that this visit is not the___ ___last time. 剖析:谜底为same as。be different from意为“与……差别”;the same as意为“与……雷同”,其否定式与be different from同义。 2. I think wealth is less important than health. I ___ think wealth is ___ important than health. 剖析:谜底为don’t,more。less important的意思是“没有(不及)……首要”;more important的意思是“(比)……更首要”,该结构与not连用,则示意“不比……更首要”。 此外,有的反义词即便不与否定词连用,而只需扭转句子结构也可组成同义句。如: He lent some money to his friend. He friend ___ some money ___ him. 剖析:谜底为borrowed,from。borrow…from意为“向……借……”;lend…to意为“把……借给……”。两个结构意思相反,但若变换“借出者”与“借入者”的位置,则可转换为同义句。

 3、应用差别语态进行转换

 即应用主动语态与被动语态的变化来转换近义词,但此时要分外注重时态、动词一致性。如: 1. Everyone should give back his library books on time. Library books should____ ____ ____ on time. 剖析:谜底为be given back。被动句中含有情态动词should,因而助动词用be。 2. It is widely accepted that more people use computers in the world today. Computers ____ widely ___ in the world today. 剖析:谜底为are,used。computers是复数名词,助动词用are。

 4、非延续性动词与延续性动词的互相转换

 即非延续性动词与延续性动词进行转换,此时常常会触及时态的变化。如: 1. The manager left two hours ago. The manager _____ ____ ____ for two hours. 剖析:谜底为has been away。leave为非延续性动词,不能与for two hours如许的一段时间连用,而改为be away如许的延续性动词后,则可连用一段时间。 2. The film began five minutes ago. The film has been _____  _____ five minutes. 剖析:谜底为on for。has been提醒时态是如今完成时态,“for+时间段”示意“延续(一段时间)”,经常使用在含有如今完成时态的句子里。 3. Mr Li joined the Party twenty years ago. Mr Li _____ _____ _____ the Party for twenty years. 谜底:has been in。短暂动词join,意为“参加、加入(组织,政党)”,不能与持续时候状语连用,与延续性时候状语连历时,将join改为be in或be a member in…。

 5、应用差别引语进行转换

 行将直接引语变成间接引语或将间接引语转换成直接引语。此时还要注重相干时态、人称、动词、状语等响应的变化。如: 1. “I’ve found my wallet,” he said to me. He _________ me that he _________ _________ his wallet. 剖析:谜底为told,had found。此题是将直接引语转换成间接引语。 2. “Did you see her last week?” he said. He _______ _______ I had seen her the week _______. 剖析:谜底为asked if/ whether, before。此题是将疑问句的直接引语转换成间接引语。

 6、应用简单句与复合句之间的转换

 行将简单句酿成同义的复合句或将复合句酿成同义的简单句。如: 1. We didn’t go out for a walk because it was raining. We didn’t go out for a walk _______ _______ the rain. 剖析:谜底为because of。将缘故状语从句because it was raining改成示意缘故的介词短语because of the rain。 2. He was so excited that he couldn’t go to sleep. He was ______ ______ ______ go to sleep. 剖析:谜底为too excited to。将so…that…换成too…to…结构,原句的that从句为效果状语从句,改写句中的不定式仍表效果。 3. Now I will show you how to do the work. Now I will show you ______ ______ ______ do the work. 剖析:谜底为how you can。行将原句中的“疑问词+不定式”结构转换成宾语从句。 4. You should put them back after you use them. You should put them back _____ _____ them. 剖析:谜底为after using。行将after引诱的状语从句改写为after引诱的介词短语。

 7、应用并列句与复合句之间的转换

 行将并列句酿成同义的复合句或将复合句酿成同义的并列句。如: 1. Come on, or we’ll miss the early bus. ____ we ____ hurry, we’ll miss the early bus. 剖析:谜底为If,don’t。if引诱前提状语从句。 2. The man gave us a talk last week. Now he will give us another talk this week. The man _____ gave us a talk last week _____ _____ us another talk this week. 剖析:谜底为who/ that,will give。who/ that gave us a talk last week为定语从句,润饰先行词the man。

 8、应用关联连词毗邻或合并句子

 即应用关联连词both…and…,neither…nor…,either…or…,not only…but also…等将两个简单句合并为一个简单句。此时要注重的是,both…and…毗邻两个主语时,谓语老是用复数,而neither…nor…,either…or…,not only…but also…毗邻两个主语时,谓语动词平日应与凑近的主语保持一致。如: 1. Tom can’t speak Japanese well and Jim can’t, either. ______ Tom ______ Jim can speak Japanese well. 剖析:谜底填Neither,nor。neither…nor…示意“……和……(二者)都不”,恰好与原句的两个否定结构的意思相符合。 2. Alice has read the book and Peter has read it, too. ______ Alice ______ Peter have read the book. 剖析:谜底为Both,and。both…and…的意思是“……和……(二者)都”。 3. This store sells men’s shoes, and it also sells men’s clothes. This store sells ______ ______ men’s shoes ______ ______ men’s clothes. 剖析:谜底为not only,but also。示意“不但……而且……”之意。

 9、行使某些典型句式或结构进行转换

 这种典型结构如so…that…,too…to…,enough to,not…until…,so do I等。如: 1. Jim wants to go boating and his parents want to go boating, too. Jim wants to go boating, and ______ ______ his parents. 剖析:谜底为so do。句意为“……他的怙恃也同样(同样想去)”。 2. John went to bed after he finished his homework. John ______ go to bed ______ he finished his homework. 剖析:谜底为didn’t,until。not…until意为“直到……才”。

 
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