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中考英语必备:IT用法概览

发布时间:2012-06-14 05:41     浏览次数:

[标签:中考英语 ]

   1、指代物   it可替换动植物与无生命的器材,它与one的区分在于one= a/an + none; it = the + n。   1. ---Where is my pencil case? ---Isn’t it in your backpack?   2. ---I have a motorbike. It (= the motorbike) was bought three...

 

  1、指代物

  it可替换动植物与无生命的器材,它与one的区分在于one= a/an + none; it = the + n。

  1. ---Where is my pencil case? ---Isn’t it in your backpack?

  2. ---I have a motorbike. It (= the motorbike) was bought three years ago.

  3. As this chair is broken, I must have it (= the chair)repaired.

  4. My father bought a pen and gave it (= the pen) to me.

  5. You can not eat your cake and have it. 世事难两全。

  试对比:

  6. I have no dictionary, so I want to buy one. (one = a dictionary)

  7. I have a dictionary, it is over there. (it = the dictionary)

 

  2、指代人

  it可指代一个未亲眼看到的、不明身份性别的、面貌不详的人,或婴儿、儿童,照片中的人物等。

  8. --- Who is there waving to you? ---It’s my friend Tom.

  9. ---Who is crying in the room? ---It’s my brother Jack.

  10. ---Who is knocking at the door? ---It must be Kate, my classmate.

  11. ---Who is the girl in the photo on the wall? ---It’s my sister.

  12. ---Who is it? ---It’s me. (有人拍门)

  13. ---Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see who it is. (拍门)

  14. ---Oh, by the way, there is a telephone call for you. ---Who was it? (打电话)

  15. ---Who is making so much noise? ---It must be the children.

  16. There is a person knocking at the door. Who can it be?

  17. Just at that time, in came a girl. It was Mark’s sister.

  18. There is a young lady at the door. It is his daughter.

  19. What a beautiful baby! Is it a boy?

  20. A baby is lying in the cradle. It was born two months ago.

  21. The baby cry because it is hungry.

  22. The baby has got its first tooth.

  注重:若身份已肯定则要用人称代词。

  23. There is a lady at the door. She wants to see you.

  注重:向他人介绍或人时用this。

  24. This is my friend, Jim.

 

  3、指代前述内容, 或者是文中的内容

  25. Beauty is everywhere. It makes us happy.

  26. There is a football match tonight. It starts at six o’clock in the evening.

  27. If you remember these points, it will help you.

  28. When we die for our motherland or the people, it is a worthy death.

  29. You have helped me a lot. I shall never forget it.

  30. Yang Liwei was the first Chinese to be sent up into space. It made the Chinese proud.

  31. His mother is fifty-seven, but she doesn’t look it.

  32. Mr. Wang was ill. Have you heard it?

  33. ---Thank you for your help? ---Don’t mention it.

  34. Although we can’t see it, there is air all around us.

  35. It would be wonderful if you could come to help us.

 

  4、指时候

  36. ---What time is it by your watch?  --- It’s ten minutes past two.

  37. ---What day is it today?  ---It’s Friday.

  38. ---What’s the date today? ---It’s May 一st.

  39. It’s early spring, but it’s still very cold.

  make it + 时候 把时候定在……;商定……

  40. Let’s make it eight o’clock.

  41. Let's make it three o'clock sharp.咱们商定三点整吧。

  It’s time (for sb.) to do sth.

  42. It’s time to have supper. = It’s time for supper.

  53. It’s time to take a walk.

  44. It is time for us to set out.

  45. It is time for you to go to bed.

  It’s time for sth.

  46. It’s time for class. (口语中可省略为Time for class.)

  47. It’s time for lunch. (口语中可省略为Time for lunch.)

  48. It’s time for a break. (口语中可省略为Time for break.)

  49. It’s time for a rest. (口语中可省略为Time for rest.)

  50. It’s time for dinner. (口语中可省略为Time for dinner.)

  It’s high/about time + …did/should… (假造语气)

  51. It’s high time you left.

  52. It’s about time we should work hard at our lessons.

  It’ is/has been + 时候 + since……

  53. It’s twenty years since she left me.

  54. It has been 20 years since I left here.

  55. I heard it had been 20 years since they departed from each other.

  It was/will be + 时候名词 + before 从句 “在多长时间后才产生某事”

  56. It was twenty years before they met again.

  57. It won’t be long before you recover.

  58. It will be two years before I come here again.

 

  5、指气候等天然征象

  59. It’s very cold in winter in Haerbin.

  60. It’s five degree below zero.

  61. It will be windy tomorrow.

  62. It will snow heavily tomorrow.

  63. The volleyball match will be put off if it rains.

  64. It was snowing heavily when he went out.

  65. ---What’s the weather like in Beijing? ---It’s cloudy.

 

  6、指距离、速率、金钱、器量

  66. It’s just two stops to the park. 到公园只有两站路。

  67. It’s about ten kilometers from my home to my school.

  68. It’s about ten minutes’ walk from here to the zoo.

  69. It is 90 dollars in price.

  70. It’s 200 mph in velocity. 速率是每小时200英里。

  It is + 数词 + meters/miles/kilometers long/wide.

  71. It’s three kilometers long for from east to the west.

  72. It’s 200 meters wide from this side to that side.

 

  7、指环境情形

  73. It’s very quiet in the forest.

  74. It’ll be very interesting at the party today.

  75. It is always very clean and tidy in my son’s room.

  76. It’s very chilly in my room.

  77. It was noisy when he got to the classroom.

  78. If it is convenient to you, I am going to visit you.

  79. It was exciting when we watched the astronauts taking space walks.

 

  8、替换this或that

  80. ---What’s this/that? ---It’s my pencil sharpener.

  81. That’s not interesting, is it?

  82. This is your point, isn’t it?

 

  9、作情势主语

  (1)、替换动词不定式

  It is + adj. to do sth.

  83. It is good to eat vegetables.

  84. It is an honor to have been asked to speak at the meeting.

  It is + adj. +for sb. to do sth.

  注重:此结构中的形容词是描写事变的、申明句尾动词不定式特性的形容词。这些形容词首要有certain, clear, dangerous, difficult, easy, hard, illegal, impossible, important, obvious, possible, polite, proper, right, unnecessary, unimportant, unlikely, useless, useful等。

  85. She is such an eccentric woman that it is difficult for anyone to get on well with her.

  86. It is a good custom for young people to give up their sets to old people in the buses trains, or subways.

  It is + adj. + of + sb. to do sth.

  注重:本句型中的形容词一样平常示意人(逻辑主语)的某种特征,要末是夸赞,要末是贬损。首要有brave, careful, careless, considerable, cruel, clever, foolish, good,  grateful, generous, impolite, kind, nice, polite, rude, silly, stupid, thoughtful, unkind, wise, wrong,等。

  87. It is kind of you to lend me so many books.

  88. It is clever of you to solve so difficult a problem.

  89. It is wise of you to refuse his offer.

  90. It is remarkable of her to be always working like this.

  It is a pity(for sb.) to do sth. 很遗憾做某事

  91. It would be a pity to miss the opening ceremony.

  92. It is a pity for you not to go to Paris with us.

  It is a great relief (to sb.) to do sth. 做……是一大慰藉;……真叫人送了一口气

  93. It is a great relief to have rain after a long time of drought.

  94. It’s a great relief to me to know you are safe.

  95. It’s a great relief to hear that she won the prize.

  It is worth while to do sth. 做……是值得的

  注重:本句型就相当于It pays to do sth.;worth while 不要写成worthwhile。

  96. It is worth while to take a trip abroad.

  97. It is worth while to learn English.

  It’s best to do sth. 最佳做某事 = To do sth. is best.

  98. It’s best to set off tomorrow. 最佳来日诰日起程。 = To set off tomorrow is best.

  99. It’s best to review the lessons one more time. = To review the lessons once more is best.

  It’s better to do A than to do B = To do A is better than to do B.

  100. It is better to borrow than to buy. = To borrow is better than to buy.

  101. It’s better to stay at home than to go to the cinema. = To stay at home is better than to go to the cinema.

  How is it possible to do sth.?  ……这怎样可能?

  102. How was it possible to fall down from the third floor without being hurt?

  103. How is it possible for a girl of ten to fly an airplane?

  It’s no use to do sth. 做……是没有用的

  104. It’s no use to argue with him.

  105. He doesn’t know the answer, so it is no use to ask him.

  It takes (sb.) + 时候/前提 + to do sth.  或人花了若干时候做某事;做某事必要……(前提)

  106. It takes me half an hour to walk from here to school.

  107. How long does it take to fly Being to London?

  108. It takes patience and hard work to master English.

  It costs sb. some money to do sth. 或人花若干金钱做某事

  109. It cost him a great deal of money to take the trip.

  100. It cost me 2000 dollars to collect these stamps.

  It occurs to sb. to do sth. 或人骤然想到做某事

  111. It never occurred to me to take advantage of you. 我决没有想到过要占你廉价。(行使你)

  It feels + adj. + to do sth.

  112. It feels pleasant to talk with her. 同他发言使人感到兴奋。

  113. It must feel strange to have a twin brother.

  114. It feels unhappy to be with him.同他在一块让人感到不舒服。

  115. It feels nice to take a walk in the evening. 晚间散散步感觉很好。

  其余例句

  116. It seems a pity not to have taken his advice.

  117. It won’t hurt to postpone the party for a few weeks.

  118. It did surprise me to hear you say so.

  119. It gave great pleasure to have finished this work ahead of the dead line.

  (2)替换动名词

  动名词可以直接位于句首作主语,但为了夸大,或动名词太长时,要用it作情势主语置于句首,而把动名词放到句子末了。这也是英语尾部重压原则所要求的。

  It is no good/use (in) doing sth. 做……是没用的;做……是白费力气的

  = It is of no good/use doing sth.

  = It is not any good/use doing sth.

  120. It is no sue crying over spilt milk.泼水难收,痛恨无益。

  121. It is no use trying to drown your sorrows in drink. 解酒浇愁杯水车薪。

  122. It’s no good getting cross with him.和他朝气没有用。

  123. It’s no good reading without full understanding.

  It’s exciting doing sth.

  124. It’s exciting meeting you here.

  It’s dangerous doing sth.

  125. It’s dangerous playing with fire.

  It’s foolish doing sth.

  126. It’s foolish behaving like that.

  It’s pleasant doing sth.

  127. It’s pleasant lying in the sun.

  It’s fun doing sth.

  128. It’s fun being a magician.

  It’s no use doing sth. 做……没有用

  129. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.

  130. It’s no use regretting.

  131. It’s no use you running away.

  注重:

  1. 别析:It’s no use doing sth. & It’s no use to do sth.

  132. It’s no use doing sth. 平日指对比一样平常的情形。

  133. It’s no use to do sth.常指具体的情形,也就是指在某一特定的场合所产生的事变。

  2. 相似句型

  134. It’s useless to do sth.

  135. It’s of no use to do sth.

  It’s a nuisance doing sth. 做……很烦人。

  136. It’s a nuisance having to do so much homework.

  注重:这1结构中的动名词还可加one’s即物主代词来充当该动名词的逻辑主语。

  137. It’s a waste of time your talking to him. It is just like casting pearls before swine.

  138. It was great encouragement to us their coming to help.

  139. It is useless doing that over and over again.

  注重:别析:It’s nice to do sth. & It’s nice doing sth.

  140. It’s nice to do sth. 常用于晤面或运动入手下手; It’s nice doing sth.则用于分手或运动收场。

  141. It’s nice taking a walk in the evening.

  142. It’s so nice sitting near a fire in winter.

  143. It’s nice to meet you here.

  144. It’s nice to have a talk with you. (语言入手下手)

  145. It’s nice talking with you. (发言以后)

  It’s hard doing sth.做某事有难题

  146. It’s hard learning English well.

  It’s interesting doing sth.做某事风趣

  147. It’s interesting going sight seeing.

  It’s easy doing sth.做某事容易

  148. It’s easy working out this problem.

  (3)、替换主语从句

  句型1:It + be + adj. + that从句

  149. It is clear that she is a spy.

  140. Is it true that you won the contest?

  151. It is true that he didn’t tell the truth.

  152. It is quite plain that Tom didn’t want to go there with us.

  153. It is obvious that the driver couldn’t control his car .

  句型2:It is + adj. + that (假造语气)

  154. It is strange that such a rich man should be so stingy.

  155. It is natural that such a hardworking student should pass the exam.这么勤奋的门生通过测验时很天然的事。

  156. It is important that he should not do it. 他不该做那事是有必要的。

  157. It isn’t surprise that Marry should marry him. 玛丽要同他完婚其实不稀罕。

  157. It is necessary that you should go to the doctor.

  158. It is strange that we should meet here. 咱们居然在此相遇,真稀罕。

  159. It is a pity that we should refuse to attend the meeting.

  句型3:It + be + 名词或名词词组 + that从句

  It is a pity that… ……真是遗憾

  160. It is a pity that we have to leave tomorrow.

  161. It is a pity that I can’t go to the theater with her tonight.

  It is one’s belief that… 或人信赖…...

  162. It is her belief that he will succeed someday. 她信赖总有一天他会胜利。

  163. It is our belief that every body is equal before the law.

  164. It is my belief that it takes intelligence, diligence and persistence to succeed.

  句型4:It + be + 过去分词 + that从句

  It is regarded that …人们以为……

  It is supposed that…人们推测…;据猜测…

  It is said that… 听说……; 有人说……

  It is pointed out that…有人指出……

  It is proposed that… 有人发起……

  It is reported that… j据报道……

  It is stated that… 据称……;听说……

  It is thought that…有人认为……;有人以为……

  It is well known that…尽人皆知……

  It is accepted that… 人们公认……

  It is announced that… 据称……;有人声称……

  It is acknowledged that… 应当认可……

  It has been shown that… 业已评释……

  It has been proved that… 已经证实……

  It believed that…有人信赖……

  It is declared that…据声称……

  It is described that… 据述……

  It is considered that…有人以为……

  It is observed that…可以看出……;据察看……

  It is mentioned that…听说……;上文提到……

  165. It is said the sports meeting will be called off.

  166. It was later found that the report was false.

  167. It is known that he is an honest man.

  168. It is reported that Yao Ming got hurt while training.

  169. It is known to all that smoking is bad for health.

  170. It is said that he can speak six languages.

  171.It is supposed that Tom will be our monitor next semester.

  172. It must be pointed out that everything you’ve done will be answered for one day. (必需指出……)

  注重:当过去分词是suggested, ordered, demanded等示意下令,建议的动词时主语从句要用假造语气。

  173. It is believed that health is above wealth.

  174. It was once generally believed that the earth was flat.

  175. It is reported that the car accident took place on New Year ’s Eve.

  176. It is reported that another bridge will be built here.

  177. It is estimated that the damage was over one million dollars.

  178. It is suggested that each student should tell a story.

  179. t is ordered that the work should be finished by the end of this month.

  句型5:It 替换wh-从句

  180. It doesn’t matter to me what you say and do. 你说甚么和做甚么跟我毫无瓜葛。

  181. It is a mystery where David got the money

  182. It has been decided when the match will be held.

  183. It is very clear what he meant.

  句型6:It + 动词 + that从句

  It is just as well that… 做/没做……倒也不错

  184. It is just as well that we arrived at the station in time. 还好咱们实时抵达车站。

  185. It’s just as well that you didn’t go out in the rain. 你下雨天没出去倒也是好事。

  It follows that... 必定是……; ……那必定是真的

  It doesn’t follow that… 未必……

  注重:follow在此意为be necessarily true(必定是真的)

  186. It follows that if you work hard, you will succeed. 要是你高兴,你就会胜利,那必定是真的。

  187. From this evidence, it follows that he is not the murderer. 依据这1证据果断,他固然不是真凶。

  188. Although she is poor, it doesn’t follow that she is dishonest. 固然她穷,却未必不诚实。

  It occurs to sb. that … 或人骤然想起……

  189. It occurred to him that he should go to see his girl friend.

  It seems/appears (to sb.) that… (在或人看来)好像……

  190. It seems to my grandfather that my father is still a child.

  191. It seems that the world is getting smaller and smaller.

  It happens /chances that… 刚好……; 可巧……

  191. It happened that the harvest was bad in 1958.

  192. It happened that Kate was out when I called her. (= Kate happened to be out when I called her.)

  193. It chanced that I was busy doing my homework when he came.

  It goes without saying that… 不用说……;……是不言而喻的

  194. It goes without saying that money can’t buy anything.

  195. It goes without saying that home is the warmest place in the world.

  It shocked sb. that… 使或人惊异的是……

  196. It shocked me that he couldn’t communicate with his mother.

  其余句式

  197. It is often the case that haste makes waste. 忙中失足是很常见的。

  198. It is good news that you have beaten your rival and won the gold medal.

  199. It is great pleasure that you were with me.

  200. It is common knowledge the whale is not a fish.

 

  十、作情势宾语

  句型1: 主语+谓语动词+it +宾语补足语+(for/of sb.)+不定式/动名词/名词性从句

  在这个句型中,谓语动词平日是find, think, make, consider, regard等。引诱名词性从句的有that, if, whether, who, what, when, where, how等。

  201. I think it important that we keep up with the times.

  202. I think it possible for us to get there on time if we hurry.

  203. Do you think it possible to finish it in time?

  204. We all consider it wrong to cheat in examination.

  205. I feel it my duty to help the poor.

  206. I think it stupid of you to accept his present.

  207. She found it useless arguing with her husband.

  208. I think it worthwhile discussing the problem again.

  209. We all believe it no good quarrelling over such trifles. 咱们都以为位这类区区小事口角没有好处。

  210. I count it an honor that I can serve you.

  211. You haven’t made it clear whether I am to go or not.

  212. Haven’t I made clear it you mustn’t spit everywhere?

  213. I want to make it clear whether she still loves him or not.

  it可以用在have, enjoy, hate, like, love, take, appreciate等动词后充当情势宾语。

  214. I hate it when people talk with their mouths full.

  215. I hate it that I’ve made so many mistakes.

  216. Does it matter if he can’t finish the job on time?

  217. I like it when she kiss me.

  218. He will have it that our plan is impracticable.

  219. We take it that you will act according to the final agreement. 我方以为贵方是会按末了协定行事的。

  220. We all take it that Liu Xiang will win the first prize. 咱们都信赖鲍勃会得到一等奖。

  221. I will appreciate it if you call me back. 要是你给我回电话我会感激不尽。

  222. I take it for granted that we should work hard.

  句型2

  ①.主语+take it for granted that…

  ②.It is taken for granted that…

  此句型意为“以为……是天经地义的”,that可省略。

  223. They took it for granted that he will win the pretty girl’s favor. (应得摩登姑娘的芳心)

  224. It is taken for granted that everyone is equal before the law.

 

  11、用于夸大结构

  句型:It is/was + 被夸大部份 +that/who +其他成份.

  被夸大的是人时可以用that或who,或whom,其余同等用that。

  (1). 夸大主语

  225. It is I who am to blame.都怪我。

  226. It was Mr. Wang who/that gave me this dictionary.

  227. It is the people who are really powerful. 真正壮大的是人民。

  228. It is Beijing that is the capital of China.

  229. It’s I who runs this shop, not you.

  230. I was he that helped the old man across the street.

  231. It is I who/that am a new winner of the gold medal.

  232. It is you that/who made fun of him.

  233. It is that he often fails in exams that makes his parents worried about him.

  234. What is it that has made him so excited? 到底是什么事变使他变得云云激动?

  235. It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are. 首要的是工作本领,而不是你来自哪儿或你是干什么的。

  (2). 夸大宾语

  236. It was a black car that Jack bought yesterday.

  237. It is Han Mei that/whom I teach every Saturday evening.

  238. It was Mr. Green that/whom he brought the newspapers to. =

  239. It was to Mr. Green that he brought the newspapers.

  240. It was her that/whom I wanted to call on the other day.

  (3). 夸大状语

  241. It is last night that all this happened.

  242. It was in Beijing that I was born.

  243. It was because of his illness that he was late yesterday.

  244. It was because it rained that he didn’t come.

  245. It is by bike that he often goes to school.

  246. It was when he was about to leave that the telephone rang.

  247. It was in 1968 that they got married.

  248. It was not until he finished his work that Mr. Wang went home.

  249. t was not until he finished his homework that he went out.

  (4). 夸大疑问词:疑问词 + be + it + that…

  (5). 夸大who

  250. Who was it that did it?

  (6). 夸大what

  251. What is it that he wants us to do?

  (7). 夸大where

  252. Where was it that you picked up the pen?

 

  12、没有实意的if

  (1). 作seem, happen等动词的主语

  it常做seem, appear, happen, turn out等动词的主语,在这些结构中,it没有实意。

  253. It seems unlikely that he will pass the exam.他不大可能会通过测验。

  254. It happened that I was not in the classroom when the earthquake happened. 地震产生时我可巧不在教室。

  255. It turned out (to be) a stormy day. 效果那天风狂雨骤。

  256. It appears that she have many friends. 她好像有不少同伙。

  (2). 泛指“生存”、“生活环境”等

  257. How is it going? 情形若何?

  258. How is it going with your mother? 你母亲好么?=  How is it with your mother?

  259. It is always the case with him.他的情形一向如此。

  260. I shall stick it out here till he comes. 我将不停在这儿坚持下去,直到他回来。

  261. He wants to leave home and go it alone. 他想脱离家,独立生存。

  262. At last we’ve made it.

  263. go for it 高兴争取;加油

  264. You can make it, too.

  265. Believe it or not.

  266. It depends. / It all depends. 得看情形而定

  267. It serves sb. right. 或人咎由自取。

  268. Have a hard time of it 阅历一段艰难时候;吃了很多苦头

  269. have a rare time of it 过得极为快乐;玩得极为兴奋

 

  十三、鄙谚、习语、谚语中的it

  1. It’s my turn. 轮到我了。

  2. It’s hard to say. 很难说。

  3. It comes to nothing. 没有效果。

  4. It doesn’t matter. 不要紧。

  5. It’s no use. 没用。

  6. It never rains but pours. 不雨则已,1雨滂湃;灾患丛生

  7. That’s it. 这就对了;就如许

  9. Just as sb. puts it. 正如或人所说

  10. It isn’t one’s thing. 这不是……所好;这不是或人真正喜好的器材

  11. It makes no odds to sb. + 从句. 不要紧;无所谓;可有可无;无差别

  It makes no odds to me whether you go or stay. 你是去是留与我无关。

  12. It serves sb. right (for doing sth.)罪有应得;咎由自取

  She left you, didn’t she? It serves you right for being so selfish.

  13. It stands to reason (+that从句). 这是大家都明白的;这是明摆着的

  It stands to reason that they will go if you don’t pay them enough.

  14. It takes two to do sth. 两边都有责任;一个巴掌拍不响

  It takes two to make a quarrel.

  It takes two to tango, but I still think it was more his fault. 一个巴掌拍不响,然而我仍是觉得多数是他的错。

  15.  will come out in the wash. 终将内情毕露;终将实情大白于天下

  16. It is the same with… ……情形同样

  ---Tom is good at math, but weak in history.  ---It is the same with me.

  17. It will cost you. 贵得很;要花不少钱

  There is a de luxe model available, but it cost you. 有豪华型的,但很贵。

  18. It won’t do. (示意情形不令人满意,应加以改良)那不行;那不合适

  I am afraid it won’t do. 生怕不成。

  It won’t do without you. 没有你可不成。(这是离不开你)

  19. It’s a long story. 说来话长。

  20. It’s a small world. 天下真小

  Goodness, it’s a small world, I just saw my old teacher at the airport.

  21. It’s a snap. 容易的很。

  They told me this is a hard test, but it’s a snap.

  22. It’s Greek to me. 我彻底不懂。

  23. It’s in God’s hand. 统统听其自然。

  24. It’s not my day. 万事不顺的日子。

  25. It’s up to you. 由你决定。= You decide.

  26. see to it that…

  Please see to it that the door is locked. 请注重一下门锁了没有。

  See to it that you're not late again. 注重万万不要再迟到。

  27. look to it that…

  Look to it that this doesn’t happen again.注重不要在产生这类事。

  Look to it that you make no more similar mistakes.注重之后不要再犯相似的毛病了。

  Look to it that you don't make the same mistake again. 注重不要再犯一样的毛病了。

  28. It’s piece of cake.

  29. as it is/was 实际上;像如今这个模样

  Don’t touch it, leave it as it is.

  30. as it were 姑且这么说;可以说;宛若,好像

  He is, as it were, a walking dictionary. 可以说,他是个活词典。

  I became, as it were, a man without nationality. 我好像成了一个没有国籍的人。

  31. call it a day 今日到此为止;就如许算了吧 (相当于so much for today; that is all for today)

  Now let’s call it a day.

  32. chance it 试试看;冒风险 (=risk it)

  It’s now or never. Let’s chance it. 机不再来。咱们碰碰命运运限吧。

  33. foot it 步行,走路;快走, 紧跑

  I missed the last subway and had to foot it home.(步行)

  If we want to get there on time, we have to foot it. (跑过去)

  34. have it out with sb. 同或人决一雌雄;同或人讲个晓畅

  35. have it over/on 赛过;比……强

  36. hop it 走开;滚蛋 = get away

  37. if it were not for; were it not for; if it had not been for; had it not been for 若非;要不是

  38. It is well (that)…幸亏;万幸

  It’s well the children didn’t see what happened.

  It was well for you that nobody saw what you had done.

  39. leg it 跑;快走

  We had better leg it or we will be late.

  40. lord it over sb. 骑在……头上横行霸道;对……称王称霸

  The days are over when the colonialists could lord it over the people.

  41. make a day of it 把一整天的时候都花在某事上

  Tomorrow is May Day. We are going to make a day of it. 咱们准备痛痛快快地玩一天。

  42. make it hot for sb. 刁难或人;使或人受不了

  Ever since their argument the principal has been making it hot for the new teacher.

  43. make it too hot for sb. (用毒害、仇视等本领)迫使或人脱离;弄得或人呆不下去

  You are make it too hot for me to stay here.

  44. off it 不大舒畅

  I am feeling rather off it.

  45. put one’s back to it 真用力;真高兴

  You can finish the work by noon if you put your back to it.

  46. risk it = chance it

  I dare not risk it; it’s too dangerous.

  47. rough it 过艰难的生存

  If you go mountaineering in such weather, you will have to rough it.

  48. shake it up 赶忙;赶紧

  We have to shake it if we don’t want to be late.

  50. sweat it out 苦熬;仍受困难

  He’ll just have to sweat it out by himself. 他只得自己苦熬。

  51. take it 冷静忍耐;猜测,以为

  If failure comes your way, be a man and show that you can take it.

  You will be leaving Beijing now, I take it.

  52. take it easy 别严重;慢慢来

  53. take it from me 请信赖我;我敢保证

  She will never leave you; take it from me.

  Take it from me-this project is bound to fail.

  53. take it or leave it 要不要都行;不要还价,要末要要末不要

  This is my last offer. Take it or leave it.

  ---Do you like coffee with milk?  ---I can take it or leave it. 放不放都行。

 

  十四、注重以下句型用there, 不用it

  1. There is no use doing sth. = It is no use doing sth.

  2. There is no point doing sth.

  3. There is no sense doing sth.

  4. There is something wrong with…

  5. There is no doubt that… 毋庸置疑

  6. There is no need for doing sth. /to do sth.

  7. There is no denying… 无可否认……

  8. There is no hurry about… 无需慌张……

  9. There is no difficulty in doing sth. ……方面没难题。

  10. There is no lack of … 有不少的,不缺少的

  11. There is no possibility/probability that /of… 没可能

  12. There is no room for… 没有……的余地

  13. There is no sense in …  ……是无意义的

  14. There is no sign of …  没有……迹象

  15. There is no saying that… ……难以断言

  16. There is a slim hope of … 有……细小的期望

  17. There is some difficulty in doing sth. 做某事有难题

  18. There is some trouble in doing sth. 做某事有麻烦

  19. There appears to be… 好像有……

  20. There seems to be… 似乎有……

  21. There used to be.. (过去)常常有;原来这儿有

  22. There is evidence that… 明显……

 

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