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高中英语语法-高三英语知识点综合训练3

发布时间:2012-10-01 05:05     浏览次数:

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   高3英语知识点综合练习三   高考综合温习:Book 一 Unit 四---六  重点辞汇与短语:  1.take place 产生  2.so---that 云云---以致于  3.sweep sb. down 冲倒  4.pull up 拽起,泊车  5.hold on to 捉住,握住  6.get on one’s feet 站起来  7.go on a holid...

 

  高3英语知识点综合练习三

  高考综合温习:Book 一 Unit 四---六

 重点辞汇与短语:

 1.take place 产生

 2.so---that 云云---以致于

 3.sweep sb. down 冲倒

 4.pull up 拽起,泊车

 5.hold on to 捉住,握住

 6.get on one’s feet 站起来

 7.go on a holiday 度假

 8.far away from 阔别

 9.on fire 着火

 10.such as 例如

 11.travel agent 旅行社

 12.be caught in 遭受到

 13.think twice 三思

 14.think highly of 对---评价很高

 15.stare at 盯着

 16.leave out 漏掉

 17.take off 脱下,腾飞

 18.go wrong 出问题

 19.in all 总之

 20.on the air 播送

 21.make jokes about 开---的打趣

 22.play a role 饰演角色

 23.make money 挣钱

 24.owe success to sb. 把胜利归功于或人

 25.start with 以---入手下手

 26.a thank-you letter 1封感谢信

 27.introduce---to--- 将---介绍给---

 28.make a good impression 留下好印象

 29.the custom of toasting 敬酒的风俗

 30.apologize to sb. for sth.  由于某事向或人报歉 

 

 社交用语:

 1.Well done! 做得好!

 2.You can do it! 你能行!

 3.Come on! 快点!

 4.It scares me. 这让我胆怯。

 5.Keep trying! 再试试!

 6.How do you like/find---? 你以为---怎样?

 7.What do you think of---? 你以为---怎样?

 8.Excuse me. 对不起。

 9.Forgive me. 请原谅。

 10.I’m (very/so/terribly) sorry. 非常负疚。

 11.I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to---. 对不起,我不是故意---。

 12.That’s all right./ That’s OK./ No problem. 不要紧。

 知识点归纳:

 1.advance

 (一) v. 进步,推动,增进,晋升

 Napoleon’s army advanced towards Moscow. 那破仑的戎行向莫斯科挺进了。

 Two months has passed and the project has advanced.

 两个月过去了,这项工程已有进展。

 (二) n. 进步,进展

 The commander ordered to halt the enemy’s advance. 司令命令阻挠敌军进步。

 He’s always paying attention to the advances in medical science.

 他时候注重着医学上的前进。

 (三)in advance 预先,在---以前

 I was given a month’s salary in advance. 我提早发了一个月的工资。

 (四)advanced adj. 高档的,先辈的

 Einstein learned advanced mathematics all by himself at 13.

 爱因斯坦13岁就能自学高等数学了。

 Few scientists could understand his advanced theory at that time.

 当时没几个科学家能理解他精深的理论。

 2.seize  vt.

 (一) 捉住,抓住

 The thief was seized by the police. 谁人扒手被警察捉住了。

 He seized me by the arm. 他捉住了我的胳膊。

 (二) 捉住(机遇)

 If you get the opportunity to work abroad, you should seize it with both hands.

 要是你有出国工作的机会,切勿放过。

 Seize the day, seize the hour!

 只争朝夕!

 (三)(思惟、情感等)安排人的脑子

 The man was seized with panic. 这个人惊慌失措。

 Uncontrollable laughter seized us. 咱们不由自主地大笑起来了。

 3.strike vt. vi. (struck, struck/stricken)

 (一) 打,击,砍,敲

 strike a blow 击出一拳

 strike a match 划火柴

 I wouldn’t dream of striking a woman. 我做梦也不会打女人。

 He was so angry that he struck the table with his fist. 他气得用拳头砸桌子。

 (二) 打中,击中;撞,触礁

 A snow ball struck/hit him on the back of the head. 一个雪球打中了他的后脑勺。

 Then my shovel struck against something metallic.

 然后我的铲子碰着了一件像金属的器材。

 (三)(某种设法)溘然涌现;使(或人)骤然意想到

 It strikes sb. that--- 溘然意想到

 be struck by--- 深受打动

 The funny side of the affair suddenly struck her. 她骤然意识到了事变好笑的一壁。

 We were struck by the generosity of even the poorest citizens.

 使咱们深受打动的是,乃至最贫困的市民也慷慨大方。

 (四) 给或人某种印象

 ---How did it strike you? 你觉得它若何?

 ---It struck me as strange at the time. 我其时觉得它很怪僻。

 (五)(钟)敲响

 The church clock began to strike twelve. 教堂的钟入手下手敲十二点。

 (六) 突然袭击

 When the snake strikes, its mouth opens wide.

 蛇提议进攻时,嘴张得很大。

 I fear an earthquake will strike this area again. 我忧虑地震会再次产生在这1区域。

 (七) 罢工 (也可用做名词)

 I’m sure the bus drivers will strike/ go on strike. 我确信公共汽车司机会罢工。

 (八) strike, beat, hit, tap, knock

 strike  常表示使劲打或敲

 hit 有“撞击,打击”之意,比strike稍弱一些,指一次性的袭击或击中

 beat 指一连屡次的打,也指有节拍的击打,还可示意打败

 tap 指轻拍

 knock 指敲打并伴随响声,还可示意打垮、撞翻

 考题链接:

 (一) It _____ her how quiet and gentle he was.

 A. beat B. hit C. struck D. knock

 (二) He sat quietly in the room, listening to the rain ____ against the window.

 A. beating B. hitting C. striking D. knocking

 谜底 C A

 剖析 第一题示意“使或人溘然意想到”,用strike; 第二题示意一连敲打,用beat.

 4.感官动词 see, hear, find, notice, watch + 宾语 + 宾补

 (一) 感官动词 + 宾语 + doing, 示意宾补的动作正在产生。

 We can see parrots flying along the river. 咱们可以看到鹦鹉在沿着河边翱翔。

 I can feel my heart beating fast. 我可以感觉到我的心跳得很快。

 (二) 感官动词 + 宾语 + do, 示意宾补的动作已经完成。

 I saw him cross the street. 我看见他过了马路。

 I didn’t notice you enter. 我没注重你进来了。

 (三) 感官动词 + 宾语 + done, 示意宾语和宾补之间是被动瓜葛。

 I found his hands tied to a tree. 我发现他的双手被绑在树上。

 He saw the girl bitten by the dog. 他看到谁人女孩被狗咬了。

 5.fight

 (一) vt. 和---作战

 We are fighting pollution now. 咱们正在和污染作斗争。

 (二) vi.  

 fight against 为阻挡---而斗争

 The slaves fought against the slavery. 仆从们为颠覆奴隶制度而战。

 fight for 为(争取)---而斗争

 He called on the slaves to fight for freedom. 他号令仆从们为自由而战。

 fight with 同---一块儿战役,与---战役

 France fought with Germany in that war. 在那场战争中法国对德国作战。

 fight over 由于---而口角

 The twin sisters always fight over toys. 这对双胞胎姐妹常常由于玩具而口角。

 (三) n. 战役,格斗

 This film is about people’s fight for right. 这部片子反应了人民争取自己权力的斗争。

 Our country has started a fight against corruption. 我国已经入手下手了一场反腐败斗争。

 (四) fight, war, battle, struggle

 fight 意为“战争”,指战争的动作。

 They fought back in self-defence. 他们进行了自卫还击。

 war  指全面战争,包孕屡次。

 We experienced two world wars in the last century.

 上个世纪咱们阅历了两次世界大战。

 battle 战斗,指年夜的、一连数小时数天的战争。

 the battle of Waterloo 滑铁卢战斗

 struggle 指较长期的剧烈的争斗,常指肉体、精神上的战役。

 They had to struggle for their freedom. 他们不能不为自由而战。

 The army struggled against Japanese Imperialist. 这部队与日本帝国主义作斗争。

 6.take place, happen, break out

 take place  多示意按计划或规定要产生的事变。

 happen 常用词,有无意产生之意。

 break out 常指战争、火灾和疾病的暴发。

 三个词组都为不及物动词,没有被动语态。

 A fire broke out in his house last night. 昨晚他家里火警了。

 He was in French when the Second World War broke out. 二战暴发时他在法国。

 When did the traffic accident happen? 交通事故是什么时刻产生的?

 Something strange has happened to the chemistry teacher. 化学教师出了点稀罕的事变。

 When will the sports meet take place? 运动会何时举办?

 Great changes have taken place in his hometown since 1980.

 从1980年以来他的故乡产生了剧变。

 7.destroy vt. 破损,扑灭,毁掉

 The school was completely destroyed by fire. 黉舍被大火完全销毁了。

 That accident destroyed her ballet career. 那次变乱毁掉了她的芭蕾生活生计。

 destroy 示意完全毁掉,也可用于抽象意义,可指人或物。

 damage 平日指车辆、房屋、庄稼等无生命物体遭到毁伤或破坏,但常常可以修复。可用作名词。

 ruin 示意破坏某种好的或有效的器材。  

 The chemical rain damages trees in the forests. 酸雨伤害了丛林中的树木。

 The precious painting was ruined by spilt milk. 洒出来的牛奶破坏了那幅贵重的画。

 The storm caused great damage to the crops. 这场风暴给庄稼造成了很大的伤害。

 8.award

 (一) 可数名词,主要指“奖品,奖赏,奖金”,偶然也指“报酬,工资”。

 Meryl Streep won the best actress award. 梅丽尔斯特里普获最好女演员奖。

 The Olympic winner received a gold medal as an award. 奥运会冠军的奖品是一枚金牌。

 The nurses’ pay award was not as much as they had expected.

 护士的工资远没有她们料想的那么多。

 (二) vt. 给与,付与,判给

 Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work in quantum physics.

 爱因斯坦因在量子物理学方面的造诣而被付与诺贝尔奖。

 The university awarded her a scholarship. 那所大学给她发了奖学金。

 (三) priz  首要用于示意“得到几等奖”或“获奖金额”,常说

 win a prize for---

 award sb. a prize

 reward 可用做名词或动词,指“答谢,报偿,奖赏”。

 考题链接:

 It is widely accepted that young babies learn to do things because certain acts lead to ____.

 A. rewards B. prizes C. awards D. results

 谜底 A

 剖析 该句意思为“人们广泛以为小孩子学会做事是由于这些举动会带来奖赏/回报”。

 9.owe vt.

 (一) 欠(债)

 If he has borrowed some money from her, and has not paid her back, he owes her the money.

 要是他借了她的钱没奉还,他就欠她钱。

 How much do I owe you? 我欠你多少钱?

 We owe our parents a lot. 咱们对怙恃感激不尽。

 (二) owe sth. to sb.  感激,把---归功于---

 He owes his success to our help. 他把胜利归功于咱们的匡助。

 We owe a great deal to our parents and teachers. 咱们深受怙恃及师长之恩。

 I owe it to you that I am still alive. 我如今还活着,应当感激你。

 (三) owing to 因为,由于

 Owing to the rain they could not come. 由于下雨,他们不能来。

 Owing to the drought, crops are short. 由于天旱,收获欠好。

 10.live adj. 活的,生动的,精神抖擞的,实况转播的

 It wasn’t a recorded show; it was live. 这不是录相,是实况转播。

 They gave live broadcast while the performances were in process on the stage.

 当表演在舞台长进行时他们进行了实况转播。

 The concert will be broadcast live. 此次演唱会将进行实况转播。

 That is a live fish. 那是一条活鱼。

 The laboratory is conducting experiments with a dozen live monkeys.

 该实验室在用十多只活山公进行试验。

 She is a live woman. 她是一名精神抖擞的女人。

 live 当“活的”讲时,只润饰动物,如a live mouse, a live snake

 11.take off

 (一) 脱掉,摘掉(反义词为put on)

 I forgot to take off my make-up last night. 我昨天晚上忘了卸妆。

 He took off his coat and went to sleep. 他脱下外套睡觉了。

 (二) (飞机)腾飞,起跑

 As the plane was taking off, I remembered I didn’t turn the iron off.

 飞机腾飞时,我才想起我没有割断熨斗的电源。

 When we went to the airport, the plane had taken off. 咱们到机场时,飞机已经腾飞了。

 (三) 休假,一样平常说take some time off

 I’m taking Thursday off to do some Christmas shopping.

 我周四要休假去买一些圣诞礼品。

 (四) 入手下手胜利,成名

 I hear the business is really taking off. 我据说买卖真的入手下手茂盛了。

 Spielberg’s career really took off when he began to shoot his short films.

 斯皮尔伯格入手下手从事短片拍摄时,他的奇迹真正起飞了。

 (五) take in 吸取,理解;收容

 take back 使回忆起;追回

 take over 接收,接任

 take up 入手下手从事;占去(时候、空间);拿起(武器)

 高考链接:

 (一)It is certain that he will ______ his business to his son when he gets old. (福建2004)

 A. take over B. think over C. hand over D. go over

 (二)Helen always helps her mother even though going to school ______ most of her day.

 (广东2004)

 A. takes up B. makes up C. saves up D. puts up

 谜底

 (一) C hand sth. over to sb. “把---传给或人”

 (二) A take up “占用时候”

 

 
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